The Department of Sociology, University of Cape Coast was established in 1963 to train students to analyse and evaluate from a critical view point, social and developmental issues in all spheres of social life. In 2009 the Department redesigned and realigned its programmes with a vision to maintaining, consolidating and further strengthening its position as a centre of excellence and scholarship in the teaching of Sociology and Anthropology as social sciences and also as a centre of research in relevant socio-cultural issues. Renamed as the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, the Department continues in its mission to produce graduates who are adequately equipped with critical and analytical skills in order to meet the educational, administrative and other resource needs of the country; and extension and consultancy services to the global community. Fifty years down the line, the new Department of Sociology and Anthropology has a large student population servicing sister departments from the Education, and the Arts faculties as well as international students who come to the University on exchange programmes yearly.
The old curriculum consisted of 53 courses. Thirteen new ones have been added, making a total of 66 courses. This has been done to reflect the broad range of areas that characterise the discipline. These courses have been categorised into concentrations, which allow the students to specialise in specific areas. The new curriculum will equip students with the knowledge and skills that can be utilised in a wide variety of occupations.